State Research and Development Activity Survey
The US Census Bureau plans to continue to conduct the Survey of State Research and Development Expenditures in order to measure r&d supported and performed by state governments in the US.
This survey, a joint effort between Census Bureau and the National Science Foundation (NSF), is sponsored by NSF, which has a statutory charge to provide a central clearinghouse for the collection, interpretation, and analysis of data on s&e resources, and to provide a source of information for policy formulation by other federal agencies.
Under this legislative mandate, NSF has sponsored surveys of r&d since 1953, including the Survey of Industrial Research and Development and the Survey of State Research and Development Expenditures.
The survey form includes items on r&d expenditures by source of funding, by performer (internal and external to state agencies), and by character (basic, applied, or developmental), and the final results produced by NSF contain state and national estimates useful for a variety of data users interested in r&d and development performance. These include the National Science Board, the Office of Management & Budget, and the Office of S&T Policy, as well as other science policy makers, institutional researchers and private organizations.
All data are collected electronically via a web-based form, and the 500 or so state government agencies surveyed will be assisted during the collection period by central state coordinators.
An estimated 52 state coordinators and 500 state agencies are expected to respond to the voluntary survey, with the time per response being four hours for every state coordinator and 1½ hours for every state agency.
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